In the second of three articles, Nutritionist Charlie Parker gives tips on why choosing wholegrain over refined grains is a healthier choice, and how to make that choice.
What does wholegrain actually mean?
Wholegrain means the entire grain, which includes 3 edible parts: the germ, endosperm and bran. Together these provide fibre, which is found in the outer layer (the bran), carbohydrate in the central part (the endosperm), fat, vitamins and minerals in the inner part (the germ).
Why are wholegrains considered to be so nutritious?
During the milling process to refine cereals and make them ‘whiter’, the bran and the germ are often removed but in wholegrains they retain these parts, so they can contain more nutrients than refined cereals. Wholegrains contain both soluble and insoluble fibre, protein, essential fatty acids such as omega 3, B vitamins, Vitamin E and minerals like selenium and copper. So choosing wholegrain over refined grains is a healthier choice.